Author: Amit


Plaintiff State sued defendant tuna companies

Procedural Posture

Plaintiff State sued defendant tuna companies, asserting violations of Proposition 65, the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, and the California Unfair Competition Law (UCL). The Superior Court of the City and County of San Francisco, California, dismissed the UCL cause of action and ruled that the companies were not required to provide any Proposition 65 warnings on their tuna products sold in California. The State appealed.



A trial lawyer represents a client, by defending them in a court of law or in legal proceedings, before a judge. The State alleged that the tuna companies distributed and sold canned tuna products in California without providing a clear and reasonable warning that the products contained methylmercury, a chemical known to cause reproductive harm. The trial court concluded that: (1) Proposition 65, as applied to the companies, was preempted because it conflicted with federal law; (2) the amount of methylmercury in canned tuna did not rise to the threshold level that would trigger the warning requirement for the chemical; and (3) virtually all methylmercury was naturally occurring, and the companies were therefore exempt from the warning mandates. The instant court upheld the judgment on the narrow ground that substantial evidence supported the trial court’s finding that methylmercury was naturally occurring in canned tuna, thereby removing the companies from the reach of Proposition 65. The State confused evidence that there was no anthropogenic contribution to methylmercury in ocean fish with hypotheses concerning the source of methylmercury in the ocean. Every study that had tested whether methylmercury in tuna has anthropogenic contribution had concluded it was naturally occurring.



The judgment was affirmed.


Procedural Posture

Appellant challenged the conviction of the Superior Court of Ventura County (California), of one count of felony grand theft under Cal. Penal Code § 487 following a jury trial. The jury determined that appellant falsely obtained $ 10,000 from a construction lender by misrepresenting to the lender that the money would be used to pay a specified licensed general contractor for supervising a construction project.



Appellant was convicted of felony grand theft following a jury trial. Appellant had convinced a lender that funds were for a general contractor when appellant performed the work himself. The court affirmed the conviction. Restriction of defense evidence was not an abuse of the trial court’s discretion. The prosecution could establish theft on a false pretence theory because appellant procured the contract through fraud. Jury instructions on false pretense were appropriate, and the trial court did not have to instruct the jury on the victim’s reliance beyond what was already in the standard instructions. The inclusion of standard instructions on embezzlement was harmless error because the inclusion merely forced the prosecution to a heightened burden of proof. The instructions on Cal. Penal Code § 484c quoting the statute were appropriate. The trial court was correct in refusing appellant’s requested instructions on a claim of right defense to embezzlement because appellant’s conduct did not conform with the defense. The trial court was correct not to instruct the jury to limit consideration of appellant’s prior misdemeanors because appellant failed to request such instructions.



The court affirmed the trial court’s conviction of appellant of felony grand theft because the trial court’s refusal to admit some of appellant’s evidence was within its discretion. The trial court correctly excluded jury instructions about the victim’s reliance on appellant’s false pretences, and, although some instructions concerning embezzlement given to the jury were inappropriate, it was harmless error.

How to Clean Your Mobile Phone Touch Screen

A recent study conducted by eMarketer found that smartphone users in the UK spend an average of 3.5 hours on their mobile phones every day and with phones being up to ten times dirtier than a toilet seat, that’s a lot of germs.  According to dscout, the average person touches their cellphone 2,617 times daily – but how often do you clean your phone?.  By cleaning your mobile phone screen regularly, you keep germs away and increase your touch screen’s longevity.

Here are three ways you can effectively clean your mobile phone touch screen:


  1. Use a Microfibre Cloth

Microfibre cloth is the same type of cloth that you use to clean your sunglasses. To clean using a microfibre cloth, turn off your mobile phone and rub the cloth on the touch screen in small circles, just like you would clean your sunglasses. This should get rid of smudges or any fingerprint spots on the screen. Although this will wipes smears from the screen it won’t sanitize it. To get rid of germs, you will need to use one of the two methods below.


  1. 2. Use a UV Light Steriliser

If you want to get rid of the germs without harming your touch screen in any way, use a UV sanitizer. All you have to do is, turn off your mobile phone and put it in the steriliser for a few seconds. It kills almost 99.99% of bacteria within a few seconds. UV smart phone sterilizers get in to all the tiny crevices that germs hide in so this method is the most effective. You can also use it to clean other items  that collect germs like keys, coins and pocket/handbag items.


  1. 3. Disinfectant Wipes

Turn off your mobile phone and lightly run an alcohol wipe over the phone. Make sure that the wipe isn’t too wet as you don’t want to get moisture in your device if its not waterproof. Dry the phone off with kitchen roll or tissue to absorb any remaining residue.  If there are any smudges left after cleaning, you can run the microfibre cloth to get rid of them. Be careful with alcohol-based products as they can reduce your touch screen’s life.

Read Short Stories For Free

Read short stories online for free, and publish your short story for free. At Storystar you will find nearly 14,000 free to read short stories and novels written in English by writers of all ages around the world. We have one of the world’s largest collections of short stories to read online, both fiction and true life stories, with short stories examples in every reading category, including famous short stories, short stories for kids, teens, and adults, and very short stories, all free to read online. Novels are free to read too! Whatever kind of story you are looking for, you will find it on Storystar.

Storystar is a growing online short story library, free for the whole family to enjoy. New stories by established and emerging short story writers, age six to ninety-six, are added to Storystar regularly. There are currently more than 5,000 short story writers from over 120 countries around the world who have published their short stories in English for readers of the world to read for free online. And the best short stories, from among the thousands of short stories added to Storystar, are selected to be featured on the front page of Storystar every day, week, and month. Each day, a Short Story Star of the Day is selected and featured at the top of the front page.

And every week five short story writer’s best stories are featured in the categories of Fiction and True Life stories, and in three age categories of short stories for kids, teens, and adults. (Note that the ‘adult’ category is an age category of the writer, not a ‘maturity’ category. Storystar is a family friendly site with no ‘smut’ allowed, so it is a safe place for readers of all ages.)

Short story readers and writers will find much to love about Storystar. Besides being totally free for everyone, Storystar also provides rewards to readers and writers who become free members. Free members earn points for participating on Storystar by rating, nominating, and commenting on the short stories and novels they read.

Writers also earn points whenever their stories are highly rated, nominated, commented on, or featured as the short story of the day, one of the short stories of the week, or if they are featured as the short story writer of the month.

Those who earn points can use them to purchase short story anthologies, or to promote their stories by pinning them to the top of the page in a variety of popular short story theme and subject categories, where they can be seen first by readers who are looking for short stories to read. Participation points can also be gifted to other Storystar members, or may be purchased by those who don’t want to take the time and actions necessary to earn them.

Of course we’re biased, but we think Storystar has the best collection of short stories to read online, with many of the greatest short stories ever written, by some of the world’s best short story writers. Discover the best place to read short stories online, publish your own short story, and share your favorite short stories with your friends and family. Visit today.

Where to buy engagement ring online more affordable?

Now all of us understand that purchasing an interaction ring can be exceptionally daunting and difficult. The very idea of entering into a jeweler can be terrible for some, there are many styles and setups – Just how do you choose the right one?

This is where purchasing interaction rings online is really a truly unwinded and enjoyable means of doing points. However whether you are buying involvement rings on the internet or buying them from an offline store there are a number of things that you require to consider before you start.

First things first, have a concept of what your ring will certainly appear like.

This is just one of one of the most vital financial investments that you will ever make as well as among minority times that you will get something just for her. It specifies exactly how you feel concerning her and also your relationship, so you need to select a design of ring that suits her, matches her way of living, a ring that she likes to wear and is proud to show off.

Having an idea on the style of ring, do you desire a simple yet traditional solitaire, an elaborately embellished antique design ring, a really modern design or a ring that has a basic band however 3 diamonds? You can also include shade to your ring by using gems like sapphires and rubies to your setup.

You also require to think about what sort of rare-earth element you desire for the band – Gold, White Gold or Platinum are your primary choices right here. Gold is the more conventional, but White Gold and also Platinum do set off your diamond beautifully.

Now I know that this seems overwhelming, yet when acquiring interaction rings online you do get to experiment a bit with the technology that they have, to ensure that you can produce the ideal ring as well as really see the ring that you are producing, consisting of among one of the most essential points – how it will view on her finger!

Establish Your Budget plan

This is possibly one of the hardest points to do when considering interaction rings via a routine offline jeweler. Typically you have no suggestion how much a ring will set you back until you have actually asked a person. This can be a difficult task for most of us, particularly when the rate is escape of our reach!

When purchasing engagement rings on the internet you can browse through the choice offered or perhaps create your very own ring from the comfort of your own home and within the constrains of your spending plan – without stressing over what anyone else assumes.

Obtain Educated

Most online diamond jewelers will certainly have some kind of education and learning facility as well as I can not emphasize just exactly how crucial it is to check this out. It will generally tell you why one ruby is better than one more and which rubies to steer clear of. By doing this you will certainly end up acquiring a diamond that has quality, glimmer as well as a cost that you can easily afford.

Find a Terrific Online Jeweler

The last item of the problem is to locate a wonderful on-line diamond jewelry expert that has an excellent reputation and also stocks quality rubies.Here have a jewelry store near me

Inspect their credibility – They ought to have some sort of branding on their site that states that they are part of a publicly recognized organization – like BBB, or that they have recognition in other ways – like i-vouch, ‘Hot 100 Store’ or as ‘seen on Oprah’.

Check out their policies – Several on-line jewelers have really charitable plans pertaining to returns, upgrades and also guarantees so be sure to check them out. Many have a 1 month returns plan, however make sure that you examine the small print.

Do some study through the online forums – Discussion forums like the one at are exceptional worth when acquiring engagement rings online. They have plenty of very knowledgeable individuals and also independent advice.

By designing your own magnificent ring, obtaining the most effective price and selecting a fantastic on the internet store to create it you will certainly find purchasing engagement rings online a stress and anxiety complimentary and also fun workout!

Discover the great benefits of honey kelulut (Khasiat madu kelulut)

There are some products that serve in various ways to strengthen the body and to give the skin a special glow. Many of these products are so exotic and recognized that many people want to buy them and most women are always looking for new products every day to provide the care they need.

Having the best brands is essential, especially when you plan to purchase a product designed to care for such a delicate area as the skin of the face and hair.

Everyone has ever heard of the great benefits that honey provides in multiple uses. In addition to being used as a very tasty food product that can also be used as a substitute for sugar. This prevents you from having to use a product that is harmful to humans and slowly wreaks so much havoc.

Being able to count on honey as a substitute for sugar is a very essential resource at any time and it can also be used in multiple surprising ways.

Honey Kelulut (Madu kelulut) works to generate great changes at any time and as a nutritional supplement contributes to raising the defenses and treating many types of ailments.

The best of using honey

Honey Kelulut (Madu kelulut) is ideal; this natural product has properties that provide additional benefits that are not found in other types of honey. This honey is special to take care of any part of the body and provides impressive results very quickly.

This type of stingless bee honey is very rare to find and that is what makes it so recognized and that it is one of the favorites in many corners of the world. Each bee in this place receives the best care to produce a purer, sweeter and improved quality honey.

This type of honey is cultivated by people who have specialized in beekeeping for years. They aim to innovate with each product that is launched on the market in addition to motivating people to take care of the beautiful bees. These bees provide their material to help many people around the world to take care of their health and to treat some problems.

This type of product is free of artificial ingredients, which means that it is extremely natural. What differentiates it from other commercial honeys that contain artificial ingredients that can cause adverse effects.

It is better to use natural honey

The benefits of honey kelulut (Kebaikan madu kelulut) are manifold. One of them is the fact that it helps with hair care and makes it acquire a special and more powerful shine.

There are many hair treatments that contain this type of honey; everyone can use it safely due to its natural composition.

It has become a very important product of frequent use for skin and hair care. It is used in special masks for skin care and in a short time you begin to perceive favorable changes and a much smoother skin.

Stock Market Guide for Beginners

We all understand that market share is a share in a company. So if a company has issued 100 shares and you have one claim, you have a 1% stake in the company.  Let us also understand the stock market, how to invest in the stock market, and how to buy shares in India.  If you are new to stock investing, then this post is very using entirely for you.  This is a hazardous area where the downside can be profound, and in the worst case, you can lose all your money.

Stock market for beginners in India

Many people stop investing because they feel that a lot of money is needed to support the stock market. But this is just not true. You can only pay Rs. you Can start your investment as low cost per month. The key to creating wealth is developing good habits, such as investing a small amount in the stock market every month. If you make a habit of investing regularly, then you will be in a much stronger financial position in the future.

Here are some tips beginners should follow that:

Set long-term goals:

You must know your goal before investing, and in the future, you may need money. Funding for an extended period in the stock market can provide good returns.

Makeup for the misses:

It requires a commitment to investing regularly.  Saving a standard amount can make you profitable. If you cannot keep in the stipulated time this week, then prepare for it in the next week.

Understand your risk tolerance:

Perception of risk also influences risk tolerance because you can avoid investments that are likely to concern you by understanding your risk tolerance.

control your emotions:

When you are first investing in the stock market, we bound you to get emotional and overwhelmed because getting good returns can make you happy, but losing money can cause loss. Never learn to make your investment based on your feelings. Trader can use the best buy sell signal software for their trade or investment decision making.

Handle Basics First:

Learn about the stock market and individual securities and write the market as knowledge and risk tolerance.

Diversify your investment:

Investment diversification protects your money from unfavorable stock market conditions. As soon as it comes to investing, it is advised by savvy money managers that investors should invest money in unique assets, i.e. diversify their investments. This avoids losing all purchases in one market.

Be real:

Never invest hoping to earn quick returns; it is better to be patient and start your investment.

Invest in mutual funds through SIP:

MF is a long-term investment that invests in various securities and builds wealth when invested over a long period. Investment starts from just Rs. 500 per month.

Historically, equity investments have given a significantly higher return than other types of investment options. It also provides easy liquidity, total visibility, and active regulation to ensure fair competition for all. Investing in the stock market is an excellent opportunity to make money for those willing to save consistently. Just complete the investment in time by increasing knowledge and enjoy the power of compounding. The smaller you start your investment, the higher the result.

Braking Resistors and Energy Efficiency

Energy efficiency is one of the most important competitive factors for companies today. Especially electric motors are of great importance for energy efficiency applications. Because almost seventy percent of the electrical energy consumed in the industry is electric motors. Large power electric motors can be made much more efficient with a few technical applications. Braking resistors are widely used at this point. Even if the motor is stopped in electric motors with drive, the motor does not stop immediately due to the motor inertia. The motor continues to rotate and a lot of energy is released. At this point, if the motor is not stopped by braking resistors, it feeds sugar and excess voltage occurs. Motor braking resistors are used to prevent this situation.

Thanks to braking resistors, motor malfunctions are prevented and energy is recovered. The application areas of braking resistors are as follows.

-Fixed crane, tower crane

-Robot control applications

Conveyor systems

-Elevator and escalator applications

-In pulley systems in factories

-In stone crushing machines

In wind turbines

The value of the braking resistor depends on the characteristics of the drive. Speed control device manufacturers generally give these values in their product catalogs. Rmax and Rmin are important at these points. In general, another important criterion at this point is the strength of the braking resistor. Our recommendation is that one tenth of the motor power can be selected as the braking resistor power. However, as we said, this value will vary according to the application.

What Should be the Properties of Braking Resistors?

Braking resistors must be heat resistant. The materials of these resistors should be chosen especially from high quality heat resistant products. Moreover, the tolerance of braking resistors should be high.  It may not be easy to predict what will occur during the application. In addition, since the braking resistors will be used in industrial environments, the IP protection class should be high. It is important that it is not affected by dust and chemicals.

Another important point is that since these resistors are used in industrial environments, the location will always be a problem. For this reason, small products that can fit into compact panels will provide great convenience during application. Aluminum case can be preferred for its lightness. Aluminum is also a good coolant. For this reason, these types of cases are often preferred in ac drive applications.


Georgia Business Search

For consumers living in the Peach State, a Georgia business directory is an invaluable resource to find a local business in Georgia offering the products or services you need. You can make your Georgia business search faster and with better results when you use the business finder provided by USA Company Directory.

Our Georgia Business Directory

We are the directory for USA companies that provides you with a vast range of searches to find the businesses that produce the products or services in the state of Georgia. Our Georgia business search provides you with the following information.

  • Business name, location, and contact information
  • Products or services the business provides
  • Working hours and more

For consumers, we offer a Georgia business directory that helps you find the business that you need in your local area. From service provides such as plumbers, electricians, and HVAC specialists to retail stores that offer the products you want to purchase.

For business owners, our Georgia business search directory lets you reach out to consumers that might otherwise not know of your company. Our business finder brings your company to the public in a way that highlights the products or services you offer and bolsters your business brand.

Why Choose Our Georgia Business Finder?

There are good reasons for businesses to consider listing their companies in our Georgia business directory. Right from the start, listing your business is free. All you need to do is set up an account, fill out the basic information, and submit. Keep in mind that all businesses listed in our directory are legal and approved by the corporation of the state of Georgia.


All you need to do is fill out the required information and you are set. This means that in just a few minutes, you can complete setting up the account so your business can be found by local consumers.

Improved Online Awareness:

With more people searching online for the products and services they need, especially from local companies, our business directory for USA companies in Georgia is perfect for you needs. You can expand your reach into the state, allowing your company to be found by consumers that otherwise might have gone unnoticed.

More Information:

You can list the type of information that provides consumers with what they need to find your business. You can also post additional information that will help boost your business brand. From your logo and slogan to reference links to help consumers find out more about what you offer, our Georgia business search directory boosts your online profile.

For consumers, your online search for a local business in Georgia that provides the products or services you want is just a few clicks away. With USA Company Directory, we offer you the ability to find the shops, stores, and businesses that are in your region of the state. Let us be your business finder, providing you what is needed to make the best-informed decision about which company to choose for your needs.


Why Sarkari Jobs are your best bet during the Covid Pandemic

The world is going through a crisis. Major economies are having a hard time handling the COVID-19 pandemic let alone India. Several sectors have been hit hard especially tourism, hospitality, and retail to some extent. So, if you are looking for job security during these unprecedented times, where should you look for?

Private companies of all sizes and stature have gone through cost-cutting by either shedding down their workforce or by freezing employee pays. There have hardly been any sectors (except maybe pharma/hospital industry) which have not seen employees been made redundant or their salaries being cut/frozen. And, so far there is no sight of a vaccine or a concrete promise of one. This means you never know how long this economic crisis will continue. Therefore, a Sarkari job is your best bet during these hard times.

Benefits of having a Sarkari job

1. You get job security during an economic downturn and the chances of you being laid-off due to cost-cutting almost do not exist.

2. You do not have to work longer hours in a government job when compared to working for an MNC.

3. Lots of perks including flexible leave allowance, travel allowance, health insurance, etc. are offered to government employees.

So, considering a Sarkari job is the right thing to do during the COVID-19 pandemic as there are many uncertainties and no one knows how the future will shape up. If you are employed with a private company, you can never be sure if they will manage to stay float through the crisis. Whereas, when employed by the government, you can rest assured that you have job security at all times as there is no concept of lay-offs in the Sarkari world.

India Cricket Schedule for 2020-2021

The Indian Cricket team is scheduled to tour Australia starting November 2020. The Indian team will arrive in Australia on 12 November and will undergo a 2-week quarantine period before the series. The Australian tour includes 3 ODI matches, 3 T20Is, and 4 Test matches along with a practice match.

Once the quarantine is over, the series will begin with the first 2 ODIs at the Sydney Cricket Ground and the 3rd ODI at the Manuka Oval in Canberra.

Then they kick-off with the T20Is, out of which the 1st match will be played at Manuka Oval in Canberra and the remaining 2 T20Is back again at the SCG in Sydney.

The last leg of India’s tour of Australia will include 4 test matches starting on 17 December 2020 (they go on until 19 January 2021). Apart from these matches, there is also a 3-day practice match with Australia A scheduled to be played before the test matches.

Here is India Cricket‘s full schedule along with dates and ground:

1st One-Day Match: Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG), Sydney on 27 November 2020
2nd One-Day Match: Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG), Sydney on 29 November 2020
3rd One-Day Match: Manuka Oval, Canberra on 2 December 2020

1st T20 Match: Manuka Oval, Canberra on 4 December 2020
2nd T20 Match: Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG), Sydney on 6 December 2020
3rd T20 Match: Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG), Sydney on 8 December 2020

1st Test Match (D/N): Adelaide Oval, 17-21 December 2020.
2nd Test Match: Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, 26-30 December 2020.
3rd Test Match: Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG), Sydney, 7-11 January 2021
4th Test Match: The Gabba, 15-19 January 2021

Skip to toolbar